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Lag times in population explosions of invasive species:: Causes and implications

abstract1 (full description below): O. T. Sandlund et al. (eds.), Invasive Species and Biodiversity Management, 103-125.
Crooks and Soule. 1999.. PDF/Acrobat file  

It may not be long before invasive species surpass habitat loss and fragmentation as the major engines of ecological disintegration. We make this prediction for two reasons: First, it may be soon when most of the habitat that is susceptible to destruction, modification, and fragmentation will have been so affected; there will be little more habitat to destroy for urbanization, farms, clear-cutting, and water projects, at least in the tropics and temperate zones. Second, damaged, denatured lands and waters are quite vulnerable to the growing avalanche of alien species, many of which prosper in disturbed, over-grazed, over-logged, over-hunted places. This is why the basic discipline of ecology gradually may be replaced by the more applied science of "mixo-ecology" or "recombination ecology," the study of recombined biotas (Soule, 1990; Townsend, 1991). Therefore as scientists we are compelled to understand the dynamics of invasions and to discover and promote the needed countermeasures. In this paper, we examine the critical, early stage of an alien invasion.